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Author: Chris Monument B.Sc. entitist@entitism.com



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Conscious Emergence

God began as an ancient metaphorical conception for the sole Creator but now my thoughts have been focused on an idea of an evolving meta-mind which emerged from the Creation to continue its progressive partnership with Nature to direct the course of evolution. This all seeing unreachable presence could now be re-theologised by the enlightenment that today’s science and psychology brings.


21st century science invokes Shakespeare’s Hamlet, about the “undiscovered country” of modern-day fears feeding from the slow erosion of inherited freedoms. Perhaps you have come to believe that an unseen conspiracy is at work behind the creation of a New-World order, driven by a secret sect whom believes they possess the power to form the 21st century pantheon. The Orwellian nightmare and the media loom over us, watching our every move, preventing us from getting out of line, holding us within the grasp of these powers, imprisoning us within Star Trek’s Borg society: resistance is futile. A new philosophical and psychological journey explores our fears and reveals an awe-inspiring power at work existing within all of us beyond our normal seeing. To understand this new scientific philosophy (which was also touched on by the ancient Greeks and Romans (1)) we have to challenge existing religious beliefs.


The metaphysical question is, at what point did chemistry become life? After the Big Bang, energy materialized into the building blocks of atoms, the original particles which initially formed the lightest elements of hydrogen and helium during this early cooling stage governed by the laws of physics. In Nature’s wake there seems to be clues to her works invoked by similes which has evolved into a language tool. If the laws of physics can be likened to a computer programme then mathematics becomes the framework in the guise of instruction codes used in programming Creation. Every particle has one thing in common to every other particle in that they contain the weak force of gravity which eventually enables the potential for growing masses. Produced in these congregating masses are various plasmas and other gases which eventually condense to liquids during further cooling and eventually the solidification of matter. The creation of heavier atomic structures up to the radioactive elements are continually being produced in the Universe under the intense pressures going on inside the cyclic stages of collapsing suns. The Universe eventually created all the building blocks for life, giving potential to create a never ending chemical diversity. The abstractional tools of mathematics allows us to see what governs all physical processes such as to visualize evolutionary patterns in Chaos that causes particle, atomic and molecular self-organization.


Every non-noble atom has the potential to connect with another atom to form a molecule. Could a clue to Conscious awareness be suggested here, as the atom which has the potential under mathematical laws (which explain the major physical forces of gravity, nuclear, magnetic, the electrical and a further weak force) to seek out another atom and continue to develop and progress into complicated molecules. Then the Unconscious properties of an atom become the workings within its structure which hold it together as a single form which are not a direct requirement for communicating with other atoms.


An atom’s future depends upon its probability of being in the vicinity of other appropriate atoms to enable it to become part of an evolutionary progression of a molecular collective. This suggests a very basic evolutionary molecular step to awareness through an invocation of physical laws to aid the development of a progressive Consciousness. These molecular collectives progressed into amino-acids, proteins, fatty acids, sugars and nucleotides enabling the potential for life as we know it. Various proteins guide ionic particles (those which hold a positive or negative charge) through their structures which suggest a possibility of an evolutionary connection between the physical and the quantum world. Sir Roger Penrose an eminent Professor of Mathematics at the University of Oxford is researching a link between quantum entanglement and the workings of the brain (2). Penrose along with other interested parties are trying to discover a quantum computational link in the molecular behaviour of protein tubular structures which thread through axons and dendrites between the neurons in our brain and nervous system. Quantum entanglement demonstrates that a particle is substituted by its hidden identical partner for the purpose of transporting its equivalent identity from place to place of which the original particle becomes eliminated in the process. One hypothesis uses light particles to extrapolate the behaviour of quantum entanglement in our perception of our Universe. It is suggested that what we consciously visually conceive in our brains could be the properties of our identical particles which just mirror that vision (3). The main problem which has to be overcome is a quantum mechanical property known as decoherence.


Orthodox thinking on the realization of our Consciousness emerged as a result of becoming aware of our self in the environment around us. Our Unconscious processes grant our Conscious-self recognition within the outside world via our nervous system. Each of our nerve cells called neurons grow these protein tubule structures called microtubules which extend like tentacles and can reach out from fractions of a millimetre in brain networks up to a metre, the length needed to connect the lower-spine with our foot.


While axons transmit, dendrites can transmit (4) and receive electrical signals to and from other neurons but axons transmit to other types of cells such as organs and the muscles. Along the axons, cyclic movements of oppositely charged molecules called ions create an alternating electrical current resulting in an electromagnetic wave. A property of this radiated field produced from these molecular actions is a magnetic field. If inductance occurred between the axons during the course of evolution then by this effect, neural networks would have evolved by an inductive collective dependency.


There is interesting research going on into The God-part of the brain led by Professor Persinger and his colleague Professor Todd Murphy at Ontario Laurentia University who developed a device called the Shakti Lite Helmet which uses a neuromagnetic signal generator. Its function depends upon taking an EEG (Electroencephalograph) recording of the electrical emission from a specific area of a person’s brain. A copy of these brain-waves is then converted back into electromagnetic signals and induced back into this same area of the brain, typically the temporal-lobes. This has shown to cause involuntary thoughts and emotions in a number of people similar to the Unconscious feelings and visions that some epileptics experience. This seems to rely on mutual inductance as the electromagnetic waves become tuned-in, not unlike a radio-circuit to produce resonance which perhaps causes these patients to sense a presence in their minds (5).


Unconsciousness is an internal process which we associate with dreaming; an automatic process which keeps bodily organs functioning and kicks-in as a survival mechanism causing automatic involuntary responses when we are under threat. What is not so easily understood is where our will emanates from; that feeling of a destiny as well as other drives we find hard to control.


Our Unconscious directs our destiny by reaching out with these tentacles to bring back information via the senses, to process within the brain and further guide us to strengthen our links with other Conscious bodies. If Conscious information entering our Unconscious becomes familiar with other Unconscious bodies then humans possess a guide with similar plans with similar courses of action. If we cannot consciously understand this hidden control then our destiny becomes guided by these unseen drives within ourselves. Uncovering another person’s destiny reveals a prophet that many people seek to become dependent upon. Information given to our thoughts, desires and beliefs is built upon our ability to learn by training our own mind. Other people can guide us or be our mentor but the only real teacher is within ourselves.


Information becomes stored within specialised areas of the brain either weakly or strongly. The initial stage of learning we could call a fuzzy state where vague notions need to be compared with past knowledge that has already been processed and stored. There are not always many true states identified with new incoming data. The more we sense incoming data and identify it as familiar or similar to past information the more finely tuned we become to accepting these notions to be true. This could also be why we learn by comparisons with other patterns in nature, such with the use of similes and analogies. There is of course the old saying in Politics, if you tell a lie for long enough, sooner or later everyone will come to believe it. When many of the brain’s connections of unfamiliar vague states remain floating, they can potentially be tuned into a believable (6) state.


One theory of how neurons are able to network is based on the ability of survival between the cells. The strength of their connections depend upon how well used they become within a networked community. One reason for cell death or apoptosis is thought to be brought about by a lack of use, controlled by pre-programming in the nucleus of the neuron which sees no need for its existence anymore. The brain develops efficiently by cells having to fight it out for who is going to be most useful. Memory now exhibits a self-organised organism and not so much a storage facility but as a response; to self-organize fresh-networks from past evolved actions. This basic inner instinct is similarly extended macroscopically analogous to the collective links in animal and human societies.


What could be possible in a brain of advance learning: one which stores references in all manner of things, where new tentacles reach-out into a library of networks inviting further questioning? The more information the brain possesses, the more likely there are weakly formed references a mind has access to, but only consciously remembered if linked strongly enough from use. Again we have floating memories.


This thought though, seems flawed because certain occurrences can unexpectedly invoke recollections of memories from years ago. If old memory structures are put on hold or disused but not erased, then that memory has become a permanent feature of the brain but very difficult to consciously invoke because it has been put under Unconscious control. For that reason, the Unconscious safeguards our experiences, probably for survival. Therefore, new networks are built around these past experiences. Suppose an old area of memory is able to be consciously invoked, then there could be some disturbance due to progressive networks in the brain becoming incompatible. It is though Unconscious memory is at odds with recent events, where collective neural networks compete over the best tactics for survival. You could then say, the higher the creativity, the more precarious the character due to increasing conflictions. It is said that genius is bordering on the insane.


It could be said that floating memories function as a kind of evolutionary mutation which are held as reference as a learning episode to be continued later implying an awaiting destiny. Spontaneous ideas seem apparent because the Unconscious monitors new information which it seems to somehow correlate with floating memories by way of simile or analogy to fulfil by chance a hypothesis based on that person’s knowledge or experience (7). This said, then there can be hidden dangers to what we learn and experience in our early years. Because the Unconscious holds onto these strongly aforesaid memories for survival reasons which may pertain to the hidden driving force behind our destiny.


The Conscious part of the brain links to the Unconscious through myriad networks of tentacles which try to capture data by sensing out our predicaments. What separates us greatly from the animal kingdom is an advanced evolutionary development of the intellectual area of the brain called the cortex. The nervous system networks neurons with neurons and other cells throughout the body which could be said as analogous to the way life-forms connect with other life-forms, through sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch and temperature.


It is only recently in the course of human evolution we have transformed ourselves, losing our primitive familiarization with nature and become overridden by progressive languages. Since around 3000 BC, various forms of advanced oral and written languages began increasingly loaded into human minds both consciously and unconsciously, continually updated with living software programmes via the senses.


A hidden agenda seems to purport political and religious nurturing, scientific exploration and advancing the quality of life. We evolved within a holistic system but we desire to disconnect from Nature’s umbilical cord and strive for an existence beyond life. Unaware of their limited knowledge, religious and political leaders still have the audacity to purport themselves as demi-gods. This mind-set is no more different than our ancestors, having more in common with the ancients than we would admit to. To ignore the richness of knowledge and awe that new science brings we beguile ourselves into the same old inevitable chaotic pattern that we never seem to want to escape from.


The progression of languages has enabled human evolution to a further branch-off from the evolutionary tree of life, advancing by utilizing earthly resources for developing new forms of tentacles. Modern-day hi-tech tentacles enable us to reach far out to unimaginable distances travelling up to the speed of light (300,000 km per second). We are slowly becoming consciously aware of distant planets, stars and other cosmological phenomena using various types of telescope and spacecraft. We have connected ourselves ever closer together using mobile-phone technology and satellite communication around the globe, gradually expanding out across the solar-system. The internet has incited curiosity as a new way to explore the world and beyond without having to leave our home. Technology has advanced to a point where it is able to be used for manipulating the civilized World’s behaviour, and to psychologically convince it is for our own good.


We may express amusement at the thought of becoming robotised by society but since our birth we have been continually conditioned by programming languages which have become embedded into our Unconscious. Other more subtle social manipulations have been caused by religious fears, pseudo-knowledge, becoming blinded by the darkness of hate or greed, emotionalism, relying too much on others, peer pressure, lacking self-control; and other forms of behaviour that leave us susceptible to being unwarily controlled by others.


Someone different may become catalytic by invoking abstract creativity and question directions in life brought about by the confusedness whirling through their Subconscious, willing them to branch out and explore something new. Some perhaps are potentially born with this advantage and others find it from experiences in life that acts as a trigger to escape into a new way of thinking; perhaps assisted by floating memories.


Let us think about the memory of early childhood where our first learning experiences can be seen in terms of survival for our neural network communities of single neuronal cells. Research has shown that there is a high probability that brain-cells are replaced by the process of cell-division (8). Unlike replacement cells in other parts of the body using stem-cells, the protective blood-brain barrier is there to prevent large invading molecules from crossing into the brain. Cells produced from a specific neural network by neurogenesis would be more effective than glial cells in that their behaviour would exhibit identical neuronal behaviour and will be able to gain acceptance into a neural community. This neural microscopic nature becomes the hidden mirror to which our progressing character (or characteristics) is built upon. Children are normally protected from adult experiences because their brains have not yet developed enough for their slow integration into the mature adult world. Later in the teenager we may be observing the neural community protecting itself from unprepared experiences about to come from changes in bodily functions at this time. The production of hormonal messengers controlled by the pituitary gland via the hypothalamus in the brain begins to flood the bloodstream causing conflictions on unready neuronal communities. Myelination of axons are not fully formed until the age of 25 to 30 where frontal-lobe regions (higher-level reasoning and judgement) are last to be processed. Myelin insulates the electrical signals to prevent them from dissipating away from the axon. Glial (astrocyte) cells listen-in on neuronal traffic and adjust the myelination thickness to speed-up signalling (9) which would help increase the brain’s processing power to renormalize hormonal imbalances. The holistic bodily environment, in which the neuronal network survival depends, reverberates with confusion and self-destruction as it tries to adapt. Teenage minds rebel against society’s rules for uniform age-conformity in learning procedures and confronting new life-experiences which force their Unconscious network communities to adapt if they are to become maturely consciously aware.


Teenage years ought to be the best time to understand what the mind is geared towards before the will becomes buried too deeply in the Unconscious to fester and cause conflictions, creating spontaneous arisings in later adult life. The will of the teenager is much more visible to parents and teachers, so perhaps this is the right time to nurture their interests and goals in life, and not to divert them from their destiny. The fire within the teenage mind is slowly broken in adult life by conformity to allow the progressive survival of the tyrannical collective society.


Now let’s change the angle and fish deeper with the question: are single-cells in multi-cellular life-forms Conscious or aware? To be aware, they would have to sense something that would induce change within themselves. So if they needed nutrition, they would have to be limitedly Conscious of something outside of themselves; aware of some kind of external world to feed on. Within their own cell structure, inherent self-organized molecular tasks would be carried out, so would this pertain to an Unconscious action? If all this is so, Conscious and Unconscious states in single-cells must exist to self-organize themselves. Evolutionary developments would have continued to progress to further levels of advancement attaining a greater Conscious awareness (10).


In the kingdom of life it is en-mass in cell to cell communication. It perhaps could be said for single cells say, that the organ of an animal possesses a unique Conscious and Unconscious state. Furthermore, the Conscious state of each singular cell in our body has become an Unconscious state to the collective whole as they work together in our advanced life-form. Somehow, it is only when life-systems create a progressive collective system does an advanced level of Conscious evolution begin.


Transplanting a heart for many patients invoked the donor’s characteristics in the form of tastes, personalities and even memories (11). 40,000 neurons in the heart with short and long term memories have adapted as part of a feedback network with the brain creating a mutual collectivity but why? One vital reason is because of the complexity of this pump which needed to adapt to function at times independently from the brain. But a spin-off from this could have given the heart a special learning ability to co-exist independently as an extension of the brain. But when parts of us can partially live on in another body this presents a religious dilemma. What will happen to our soul when we die? This could be construed theologically that the whole body-entity must leave the mortal world in one piece in order to attain entry into Heaven. Patients though, also wanted to know about their donor but it would be difficult to connect this need to know with actual transfer of traits; though it is always likely that the recipient would begin a new lease of life by turning to sports and wrongly compare this familiarity with the donor. Other subtle changes caused by donor memories living on in the recipient’s brain enable some overriding alien control which one must question, whose brain is it now? For the purpose of mortal survival, a part of the dead donor lives on in the recipient where both have melded to become a single entity.


       Inherently learned systems in primitive life-forms become the foundation stones for evolving life-forms, which are built around them, analogous to memory. Inherency becomes an automaton and works Unconsciously in the background in new life-forms contributing to learning. The aim is in the further development of Conscious awareness with the external environment and creates advanced techniques for survival and exploration; and self-organize for further progressions.



References:


1 The Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius (Meditations IV: 40, IX: 28).


  2 Hypothetical Thought: The humanitarian community creates a sum of knowledge and stores it in memory in the form of media. Brain network collectives evoke Conscious remembering and Unconscious information: in comparison to the human community, the brain now points to an external storage system built into protein networks in microtubule structures which Sir Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff are researching into. Stuart Hameroff has shown inter-particle transportation along amino-acid chains through microtubule structures called conduction pathways in microtubules. This suggests some form of information processing before neurotransmission takes place to trigger a Conscious or Unconscious response. The microscopic cell collective could possibly have a library of information stored in a microtubule database inside axons surrounded by electrical activity which communicate neurons with neurons; similarly compared to humanitarian knowledge stored as information within various media forms. The hypothesis being: that these protein structures could be the medium for the connection of a particle between the classical and quantum worlds; pertaining to quantum interference before any Unconscious processing or Conscious action.

        Two scenarios or outcomes have emerged from this analysis. A god who’s Consciousness evolves from the holistic workings within a Universal-Entity and behind the scenes suggests a quantum influence guiding this progression; perhaps from other dimensions which would have its cause in the realms of String-Theory. If Penrose’s research discovers any link between microtubule signalling and quantum behaviour then our only means to understanding a Creator will be through scientific inquiry and research.


3 Lectures in Consciousness Studies. Lecture, week 1. 27 Sept – 3 Oct 1999. Internet source:

Paavo Pylkkänen, Consciousness Studies Programme, Department of Humanities, University of Skövde

Sweden, paavo@ihu.his.se


4 Beyond the Neuron Doctrine”, Scientific American Mind (p.24). June/July 2006.Vol 17, No. 3.


5 Theodore Holmes Bullock (Theodore Holmes Bullock. Signals and Signs in the Nervous System. Internet Source.) at the University of California is mentioned various interesting points about neural processing and his analysis. Due to the microscopic scales of synaptic-gaps and axon lengths, the information collected from EEG (electroencephalograph) measurements can only provide a graphical pattern of an overall electromagnetic activity of large collective neural networks, as it would be nigh impossible to measure the patterns of singular neural paths. Local field potentials (LFP’s) are set-up by the contribution of intercellular currents that are likely to be the type of waveforms gathered from EEG measurements. It is thought that these LFP’s could act in a way as to have a controlling influence by keeping nerve cells synchronised to a specific pattern. A changing potential of an ionic charge would create a magnetic field which can become induced into another charged molecule. If this induction happens in a feedback system where all charges become affected along the length of the axon’s sodium-potassium pumps, then this could have a synchronous effect. If axons are in close proximity in comparison to the effect of these LFP’s then there maybe cross-talk across many neural circuits. Another measurement problem when using an EEG is the inability to measure these patterns in 3-dimensions and time, although scanner technology may be progressing towards this possibility (Scientific American. June 2007. Seeing Triple by Stuart F Brown. Holographic technology and Scientific American Mind - June/July 2007. Mind Map p.9). Therefore, an EEG analysis is a crude form of measurement. Information an EEG may present us with is being able to see normal brain activity from an average of measurements from healthy people.


6  Inclined to believe.

 

7 Floating memories:

Strengths:          correlating; analogies; similes; metaphorical associations; leading to perceptual experiences.

Weaknesses:     lacking maturity and knowledge invokes primitive survival instincts in order to become accepted into the collective; you will become consciously and unconsciously open to persuasion and suggestion; brainwashing and indoctrination.


8

 a) An interview with Steven Rose (Professor of Biology and Director, Brain and Behaviour Research Group, at the Open University). Microsoft® Encarta® 2007 [DVD]. Microsoft Corporation, 2006.

b) (“New Brain Cells go to Work”. Scientific American Mind, Aug/Sept 2007. Vol18, No. 4.


9White Matter Matters”, p.44-47. Scientific American. March 2008.

  

10 There may be similar action in the cell cytoskeletal protein filaments comparable with microtubule cell-to-cell communication. See Molecular Biology of the Cell, 4th Edition (2002). A suggestion that could pertain to microtubule research of Stuart Hameroff & Roger Penrose.

 

11 From the ‘Mindshock’ TV programme, “Transplanting Memories?” on Channel 4

   by Touch Productions 2006.